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Sunday, November 29, 2009

History of tea cultivation

Tea drinking began in China and Chinese Tea Fukien dialect word is derived from the t'e. Dutch introduced it to Europe. In Cantonese, Ch'a known as tea and drink it for this unique name by which Japan, India, Russia, Iran and the Middle East is known. Before an ancient Chinese tea authentic reference Ku P'o, 350 E. Revised by celebrated Chinese scholar was built in dictionary. That time was done by boiling a medicinal herb tea decoction. Tea as a drink near the sixth century to use from the beginning. During a successful two centuries tea gained huge popularity.

The first book on tea, unique, Ch'a Ching 'means tea, Chinese tea expert Classic by Lu Yu "published in 780 AD in which he describes various types of tea, their cultivation and production in China. However, apart from Japan, tea drinking until about the mid-seventeenth century, spread to other parts of the world did not come. Opening a sea route to India and East Europe in 1497 by Portuguese and Oriental countries, trade between the large-scale help. Other European countries soon to set up business in various countries of the former Portuguese followed. The Dutch established a similar depot in Java. They bought tea from Japan and in Europe in 1610 the first batch of Java was transhipped. Between Europe and Asia for the lucrative tea trade began. Dutch end more than a century for the British to produce business is all about tea. China tea to Europe by the middle of the nineteenth century was the only supplier. Tea in Europe continent between the affluent classes in his first start 50 years obtained a strong foothold. In another 100 years, a large part of the Europe and the UK has become one of daily use objects. Tea also became popular in the U.S. who was then a British colony.

Assam tea plant Discovery

Robert Bruce discovered the tea plant in Assam blamed, which has seen some hills near Rangpur plant (near the present Sibsagar) growing in the wild, then capital of Assam during his visit in 1823, on a trade mission Ukers (is considered, the A, 1935, all tea. Vol I Tea and Coffee Trade Journal Company, New York about). A Singphow (a tribe) signed an agreement with the chief supply of tea plants during his next visit, though his death was not put into practice because of. Instead, his brother, CA Bruce, the British occupied Burma in 1824 on charges of Gunboat Division at war with Assam and Sadia posted on tea plants and seeds Singphow Chief what he called supplies. Most of these seeds are planted in Sadia Bruce garden and was sent to Guwahati Commissioner Jenkins. Some of these plants for cards sent in Calcutta Botanical Garden. Dr. N. Wallich, who as superintendent of the Botanical Garden was identified related to the camellia family, but consider them as China tea plant leaves as a single species.

In 1834, India's Governor General Lord William Bentinck in India, a tea committee appointed advise on the feasibility of commercial cultivation of tea. Committee for information about areas asking a circular issued suitable for cultivation of tea and sent his secretary, Mr. G. J. Gordon, tea seeds, plants and purchase of workers from China. In response to circular, Assam, Major F. Jenkins Commissioner, Assam tea cultivation in favor of making a strong case where the tea plants were growing wild in the woods. He also collected local plants and the Botanical Garden all samples sent to them in Calcutta. On this occasion, as Dr. Wallich tea samples had no difficulty in identifying, and plants were not different from the China tea plant. The tea committee has recommended that under proper management, indigenous plants for commercial purposes are cultivated with complete success.

In 1835, a scientist with Dr. N. Wallich Commission was set up, Dr. W. Griffith and Dr. J. indigenous tea plants on the McClelland report and tea gardens to begin experimental advice on the most favorable settlements. Scientific Commission visited Assam in early 1836. Mr. C.A. Bruce, acting as guides, Naga Hills and the foot part Patkai with many members away for a few river valleys, where the indigenous tea plant was growing in clumps. To believe that there are no tea bushes Dr. Wallich was not any more need for imported tea seeds from China have seen expressed, while imports of seed has endorsed Mr. Griffith China because of the possibility of a wild plant not as good as the produce that has been cultivated for centuries. In the end it decided that China and not used for plant use degraded Assam government should plant. Commission to establish a common experimental gardens in the most favorable localities could come to agreement. Himalayan region have supported Dr. Wallich, while the other two sides of upper Assam where the existence of wild tea. So Mr. Gordon was sent back to China in 1836 and for many years in India, China tea was imported seeds regularly. The seed, the Botanical Garden nursery plants in Upper Assam and raised in Calcutta, Dehradun Doon, was sent in Kumaon and Nilgiri hills. Experimental Saikhowa near Sadiya in Upper Assam site was not appropriate, where many plants died. About 25 kilometers Dibrugarh plants alive before a new site near Chabua been moved. Himalayan region, were planted tea seedlings Bhimtal and Almora near. Afterwards, Park successfully applied at the bottom of the Kumaon Himalayas, Garhwal and Kangra district were established with China plant.

Plants in the South sent a survivor of the Nilgiris and the Western coast Wynaad very small. Besides plants and seeds to China, CA establishment of experimental plots of tea with Bruce in which the Government had appointed as superintendent of tea gardens, native plant nursery raised tea. He also in Upper Assam's Sadiya Gabru Purbat to detect a large portion of the area and forests in search of several areas of tea. Some of these tea approved in part and with the help of workers collected from bushes brought from China were built with used cards. The first indigenous plant tea was sent to Calcutta in 1836 experimental samples. Sample favorable comments, whereupon eight chests of Assam tea to London in 1838 sent an invoice, which was auctioned received January 10, 1839. This is an important occasion because it was not only able to establish Assam tea plants, but cultivation of tea around the world set the future course. Today, more tea from China have made way more kinds of plants in Assam

Mr. C.A. Bruce discovered the plant in Assam Tea for his contribution to English society of art medals, through Agriculture and Horticulture Society of Bengal was presented, was honored. The controversial decision and Major and Captain Jenkins Charlton staked their claims to respect. But in the end both of them hostile correspondence one of agricultural and horticultural society of Bengal won. The only person who did not get any award that Robert Bruce plant was considered the true discoverer. Assam, some sources in Calcutta (Baildon, 1877, according to tea) of tea plants from Assam, a local Assamese Thakur Maniram Dewan, who later worked for a while Assam Company was discovered. It is possible that during his visit to Rangpur Maniram Dewan Robert Bruce reported for the plant is used in 1823. Outside world to bring to the notice of local plants can not ignore the role of Assam in Singphow ST. It was again a main Singphow the tea plants and seeds for CA Bruce supply. Another Singphow main tea, 130 chests of 35 prepared by the CA sent to Calcutta in 1841 Bruce. This clearly shows that must have been familiar with and make Singphows plant and drinking tea from antiquity.

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