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Sunday, November 22, 2009

Agriculture in india

India is a country in all its fascinating contrasts and striking features is that it leaves is a fascinating one with beholds! Agriculture is not only India but also the people of the country major businesses is one of the most important economic sectors. Almost two thirds of India population depend on agriculture for their livelihood. Much as 43% of the land area as is used for agricultural purposes. Although there India GDP contribution of agriculture declined steadily due to industrialization and other reasons may be, it still in socio economic development of India plays an important role. In India the concept of sustainable agriculture on the climate thousands of years of cultivation with special knowledge was based. But with the arrival of Britain, was in a shambles. But the Green Revolution and other measures to increase productivity, India did it again.

Indian agriculture depends on monsoon as how they will determine crop. Agriculture in India, most of the responsibilities by the State Department is central rather than out. In addition, state government, many institutions and is based on agriculture in economic activity for rural India Agriculture India companies are performing. Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is the apex body in agriculture and allied sectors. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development Bank is an institution working in the exciting field of agriculture is based on economic activity in rural India. Globalization and the country agriculture sector faces in India is changing and agricultural sector growth has been a fast rate. Economy, agriculture in India is becoming more open and modern technology being used is the maximum so that more and more people can benefit from the region. Private players have also been interested in land acquisition and farm with modern equipment and facilities.

Post independent India has benefited a lot from the Green Revolution. In the 1970s there was significant increase in wheat production. Maximum of five years focused on the development of agriculture and animal husbandary plans.

India has gained from its agricultural activities. India cashew, coconut, tea, ginger, milk, turmeric, etc. India is the world largest producer of fruit production is about 10% share and this is the first position in the production of banana and sapota.

Punjab region into the model for wheat on Earth is one of the most fertile regions. Haryana to produce food in the other India is the largest contributor. In India, though only 30% average yield of 50% average yield is highest in the world. In India, inadequate or inefficient finance and agricultural marketing, low productivity, illiteracy, social, economic backwardness and modern agricultural methods, etc. Small land holdings to adopt is the result of factors such as inadequate services. In the past few decades many farmers committed suicide because of indebtedness and crop failures have sometimes.


In India, nearly two thirds of agricultural land task force is a means of livelihood. It has always been Indias most important economic sector. In the 1970s, Indias wheat production has risen dramatically in the country saw the beginning of the Green Revolution. Increase in agricultural production since independence to bring about the additional area under cultivation, expansion of irrigation facilities, better seeds, better techniques, brought by the use of water management, and plant protection.

India on agricultural imports in the early 1960s, planners believe that Indias growing population dependence, as well as national independence, as concerns about security and political stability, self abundance in food production is necessary. This perception led to a program of agricultural reform is called Green Revolution, for a public distribution system and price supports for farmers. For the increase in food grain production needed to yield more focused information, all the Green Revolution: better seeds, more fertilizer, improved irrigation increased, and farmers is a result of education efforts. Although increased irrigation has helped to reduce agricultural year as a result of the monsoon vagaries of fluctuations in production for years, it has not ended the ups and downs.

Indias non-traditional crops, such as summer mung (a variety of lentils, pulse part of the family) was slowly importance, soybean, groundnut, sunflower and used. Step increase in the non supply at reasonable prices, chemical fertilizers have been ensured. Quality control laboratories in the country there are 53 fertilizer. Indian agricultural production for economic growth, Indias central government realize the importance of agricultural development has played an active role in all aspects. Planning, centralized and plan priorities, policies, and resource allocation is decided at central level. Food and price policy is decided by the Central Government. Thus, although agriculture in India is the constitutional responsibility of state but the Central Government, after the policy formulation and in providing financial resources for agriculture plays an important role. Expansion in crop production, increasing yields on land already so use some type of agriculture is almost entirely coming from.

monsoon, however, determined that the crop, enough to average or poor in any year in the Indian agriculture sector plays an important role. Governments policy objectives in the early 1990s, one exploring ways to reduce dependence on monsoon was. A major role for the Department of Agriculture crop, based on seasonal growth and import policies to play in developing technology to increase soil fertility .

Special schemes for there credit available for farmers. Government supports the efforts of many farmers and their families are doing. Education and newspapers throughout the country today for farmers and rural land to provide basic food is recognized as an important player has reached. Technology cooperation in agriculture in India with improvising is tractor, fertilizer and farming assistance using a new way. Barren land and guidelines for funding the research are being allocated. Rabi and Kharif crops and model schemes suitable for exhibitions to promote sales and promote exports of local products allocated. Are: rainfed agriculture, banking credit, farmer education major initiative by the Government for the life of the rural agricultural land are developed. Aim at maintaining the ecological balance of agriculture has seen. Crop protection, agricultural production, promotion marketing for top tertiary market after Indias Agriculture Departments plans are some of.

It is understood that one farmers life goes beyond tilling and harvest crops. Their standard of living for SSI will increase its earnings by uplifted who is to be located. Other facilities like shelter, drainage system, education and alternative employment must secure their future.

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