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Wednesday, December 2, 2009

wheat cultivation in India


Today, wheat is a grass between two and four (half to 1 ¼ m) increases long legs. Food is familiar to most consumers, a tall stalk that beard surrounded by a thick bracelet spikes formed tight clusters of kernels with the physically terminates. Wheat is one, meaning that every year-end annual, should again be ready plowed fields and grass.


Ancestor wheats probably looked very different, with very small kernels. Wheat domesticators quickly evident, especially for plants with large kernels wanted to choose, since more nutrition from each stalk is eked out. Because wheat is normally self-pollinating plant, a plant is ready to clone myself. When wheat farmers want to stress hybridization, they should be physically separated pollinate plants. Farmers for various purposes as common wheat crop at different seed mixture and combine evenly spread on the field.


United States wheat at two major categories: winter wheat, planted in the fall and mature in summer, fall, and spring wheat is planted after the danger of frost is over and also mature in summer. Golden wheat crop well known feature on time, and often uses artwork that appears in the wheat.


For good and uniform germination, the wheat crop well requires a pulverised but compact seedbed. Wheat seed should be healthy and a good germination capacity. Make sure the seed for sowing any seeds of weeds is not included. Certified seed from a reliable agency experts suggest the use of seeds. A good crop of seeds planted in time for moisture protection is needed.


sowing


Sowing of wheat seeds generally through drilling or broadcasting seed sown some places, even though hand sowing is practiced. Exercise that involved a tractor or ox to ensure that seed is deposited in a uniform depth. Timely sown and irrigated wheat, for a distance of 15-22.5 cm is followed consistently. Maximum distance of 22.5 cm is considered. But late for irrigated wheat, row of 15-18 cm is the maximum difference. Dwarf wheat varieties should be approximately 5 to 6 cm deep in the second week of November did. In the case of conventional tall varieties sowing depth should be 8 or 9 cm. Usually, deep sowing dry, rough and light, while shallow soil has been sown in moist soil.


Irrigation


Irrigation can be done if Transplanting of seedlings of wheat sowing is delayed. Under rain fed conditions, furrows left while irrigated wheat, sown in a screen covering the furrows are open. If wheat is under irrigated conditions, 4-6 irrigations are needed. The first irrigation should be given at crown root initiation stage, 20-25 days after sowing. Irrigation should be done at the time of the second round late tillering, late jointing, flowers, milk and dough stages. Some time for the wheat crop should be irrigated if the soil is very light or Sandy. Farmers, irrigation water availability based on one time with can be worked out.


Harvesting


harvesting wheat and corn and hay crop is brittle. Deforestation in the region's time zone changes. Rain fed crops, irrigated harvest reached much earlier stage. However, rain fed crop yields are too low. Grain properly before storage to remove moisture is all dried up. Storage pits, or storage boxes to keep pest-free moisture and should fumigated.

Possibility of insect crop like wheat straw Jung, Jung leaf, Karnal injury, loose dirt is dirt and flat. , CCN termite, is pest of wheat powdery mildew and other Tilletia.

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