Mango trees are deep rooted, symmetrical evergreens that attain heights of 90 m and a width of 80 feet. The switch just mango leaves lanceolate, 12 to 16 centimeters long and are yellow-green, purple or copper color when young.
Mature leaves are leathery, shiny dark green in color. The new leaves arise in terminal growth of puffs that occur several times a year. Terminal branches of mature bears pyramidal flower panicles that have several hundreds of white flowers, the width of a 1 / 4 inches when they are open. Most function as male flowers with pollen, but some are bisexual and fruiting. Pollination by flies, wasps and bees.
The fruit weighs about 1 / 4 pound to 3 pounds. Fruit may be round, oval, or obovate, depending on variety. The unripe fruit is green, the skin becomes progressively yellow, orange, purple, red, or combinations of these colors as the fruit ripens. Mature fruits have a distinctive odor and a smooth, thin, hard skin.
The ripe mango pulp is pale yellow to orange. The flesh is juicy, sweet and sometimes fibrous. Some undesirable plants or varieties are described as holding a wide-turpentine flavor. The fruit is a seed that has stabilized and adheres to the meat. The seeds contain one or more embryos depending on the variety or type.
Mango can be eaten raw as a fruit dessert or processed into various products. The ripe fruit can be sliced and canned or processed into juice, jams, jellies, jams and nectars. Eastern and Asian cultures use green mangoes for pickles, mango chutney and relishes.unripe be sliced, dried and powdered amchoor used cooking.flour is made of mango seeds. The seeds are also eaten in times of food shortage. The wood is used for boats, flooring, furniture and other applications.
These plants are mostly authentic, and May, the seeds are grown without the need for grafting.Grafted trees grow more slowly than the seedling trees and are often smaller. The grafted trees produce fruit usually 3 to 5 years occur in arid areas, while seedling trees usually less than five years in storage.
Mango trees can remain in production for 40 years or more. Inarching is sometimes done to increase the varieties of mango, and older trees may be topworked. Mangoes are not propagated by cuttings or air layering, because the resulting weakly rooted trees.