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Thursday, February 18, 2010

Ancient agriculture (Stone age man's farming )

Anciant man ate the seed without knowing what the seeds were finally realized, but that if the seed fell, and began planting crops grown gardens. The desire to have solved quite excited, instead of increasing stimulus solution. In any case, do not have to emigrate, with a garden big enough, at best, and build permanent housing. Instead of following the herd, as some had done, began breeding. Per 10,000 bC, the man had spread into virtually every habitable places on earth.

In the northern hemisphere back from 10,000 to 8000, the last of the continental glacier. When the glaciers back, began to replace agriculture in small steps, the culture of hunting. In an area called the Fertile Crescent, hunter-gatherers camped next to the fields of wild wheat or barley and wheat. It was the game - like gazelles. Soon they were planting gardens to supplement their hunting. In the year 7000 BC the sowing of seeds has become an important source of food. They began farming and raising livestock on farms and anchored to one place. Agriculture was also developing elsewhere. It spread to Greece. Developed around 6000 BC, in agriculture as an independent between hunter-gatherers in southern Mexico.

In North Africa at the headwaters of the Nile, the people were always sorghum, millet and wheat. 5,500 were men in crops in China. In 4500 was the agricultural sector from Greece to Central Europe, which have been in 4000 BC, people spread with a wooden plow. For the year 4500, agriculture was again in sub-Saharan Africa in the Niger Basin in the west. The Sahara was then grass and forest with abundant rainfall, rivers, lakes, fish and aquatic life. The people there were arable and sheep, goats and cattle.

Agriculture created to eat more food and more to more people as possible. More people kept rural communities to the brink of inadequate nutrition. And farmers dependent on the type that they were hunters and gatherers who are free of drought, more wildlife to areas with drift and foodstuffs. Domesticated plants are susceptible to the ravages of insects, so that wild plants do not. Archaeologists have the bones of children in agricultural societies more symptoms of malnutrition than those who have found life as hunters and gatherers, and the average height of the early farming community was established less than the hunters and gatherers.

In addition, most groups were populated by a greater lack of sanitary facilities. The people were careless about the rejection, sewage and water supply. They knew nothing of the bacteria and their ignorance of the costs. They suffered illness, epidemics were rare among hunter-gatherers. Perhaps less than half the children living in agricultural societies over the age of ten years. They need rain for their crops, trying to awaken people in agricultural societies, the magic in the form of imitation. When the frogs came when it rained, it can propose magicians like frogs to their gods, they begin to stir. With agriculture came fertility gods.

Farmers knew enough about the fertility associated with sex. They believed that their gods of sex, the father and the mother of God created copulates created with his son and daughter of the gods and men and women in their areas as a religious ritual, suggests that their gods must grow their crops. When growing seasons went, people saw their god of fertility and the dead, and if the growing season have been returned to their god for increases - since the beginning of the resurrection as an approach. One of the gods worshiped by the Greeks Adonis. Adonis was believed their annual death with the goddess Persephone in Hades Pass - also known as hell. Every year when the growing season was again seen to be resurrected, and was believed to be living in blissful union with the fertility goddess of love Aphrodite. In agricultural societies has been unfortunate, explains how the work of angry gods, and the first farmers were willing to please the gods by gifts that they could. It was believed that someone is killed or sent to an animal, the child, in the spirit form of the invisible world of gods.

People saw the dispatch of one or more members of the groups to the gods, like a good deal to the extent that the survival of a company serves. Or someone could be killed, who had been kidnapped abroad any prisoners of war - the solution to the problem of what happens to a prisoner of war, which would otherwise rely for the supply of valuable human food do. Animal and human sacrifices were apparently less common in hunter-gatherer societies such as the plains of North America and Australia. Human sacrifice was among agricultural people in India, Egypt and elsewhere in Africa, agriculture and farmers in Europe and made the Middle East.

1 comment:

  1. i really like it and has really helped me in my history assignment thanks.