Papaya tree - Introduction
Papaya tree is one of the plants on earth the most specific. This typically 4 to 5 meters long and unbranched, but older plants can be 10 meters tall.The trunk looks a bit like a top, bottom, brown carrots. The plant 75 cm, pinnately lobed palmately and again that is heavy leavesup. Leaves, near the top of the tree too long petioles clustered, because few people are shed, leaving large circular scar on the bark. Stem soft and weak, because it's wire wood (secondary xylem) and a hollow center.
Papaya tree - Nature
Once in many tropical papaya trees growing around the house looks. An important reason for production are papaya fruits in the diet regularly may be, but also often necessary because papaya is usually dioecious, so that at least one male and one female plant for fruit are required. There are, however, that cultivars (separate male and female monoecious flowers on one plant) and plant one right on the popular cultivar Solo flowers (one flower has both stamens and one pistil). Male flowers are borne long and small groups, one of several female flowers, while a smaller one on axil of leaf is produced. Usually only one leaf per female flowers develop into fruit, the trunk is covered with fruit in this way that one can see only the stem. The oldest, mature fruit is one of the lowest, and the youngest one on top. Therefore, once a plant begins production, a continuous supply of fruit is there. All mother's son to send him out the biggest or the best climbing tree crop for the lowermost papaya family papaya fruits.
Yellow and green skin of a ripe fruit (exocarp) red and orange, and a sweet, semi-firm with tints, which are often yellowish orange pulp (mesocarp). Central cavity (fruit locule) within the darkness, hundreds of seeds that appear almost blue when the fruit is cut open, they are about the size of small peas and pulp (parietal placentation) are linked. Although the United States are accustomed to seeing in the hands of shoppers in a grocery store size papaya, papaya native to the lunch or one big one small cantaloupe melon, ie, 3-60 kg in weight size, and fruit 50 cm in length are not uncommon. Ate the most fruit for dessert or a fresh papaya drink is made, although it can be closed and tropical fruit salad and canned fruit drinks are found in designer. The best fruit seeds are replanted and survived. Unfortunately, not papaya plant propagated by cuttings, so can not guarantee that the seeds of a "good fruit" planted with the same quality of fruit production will stop.
Parts and its uses
All parts of plant are laticifers, and a white latex from a cut surface and flows freely. Residents have learned that long ago, papaya latex is a very effective meat tenderizer. For several hours wrapped in fresh leaves tough meat tender was to make it. Activate a protein component tenderizing - enzyme called papain, which is very similar to human stomach pepsin is digested. Interestingly, some early, plant protein structure studies using crude papain digested protein fragments were made by. Longitudinal cut is Papain commercial was produced by scoring with unripened fruit on the ground and then set down containers rich in latex collection. Latex is one of powder in the sun or oven drying; papain powder is the highest in the United States as Adolph Meat Tenderizer is marketed. Tanzania is produced in most of Papain. Interestingly, this enzyme, which is largely a protolytic enzyme found in pineapples, bromelin is like one other uses for the various types.