The simplest and the most important permanent seed investment in agriculture. Other seed quality in response to inputs to a large extent fixed. It is estimated that only 15 percent of high-quality seeds of the total production - contributed directly to 20% depending on the crop, which can be enhanced with other information, and effective management of 45%. India's growth, and the seed industry, especially in the past 30 years is very important. The major re-engineering: 1977-1978 National Seed Project I (Phase seed industry through the Government of India), 1978-79 second phase () and the second phase three (1990-1991), have been, which confirmed the seeds of the necessary infrastructure related to age and the surrounding areas. This can be said about the construction of first place in the industry, seed systems. Development policy (1988-1989) for the seed industry in India, started new seeds, once again, is an important milestone, and the industry has changed the nature of the seed. Policy uses the seeds and the best place in the world of Indian farmers planting material. Genetically modified products that this policy as a strong R & D, D, is inspired, and more grains, vegetables and hybrid technology to provide high value - high-tech products, which focuses on private sector firms and development of a seed in India, the Indian seed sector institutions and multinational companies may invested enough. Cotton. Therefore, farmers today have a wide range of product selection and seed industry, "one of the farmers group 'focused approach, driven by market factors. However, there is an urgent need for national seed companies in the area of infrastructure, industry and adapt to changes, technology, methods and other aspects of culture and management in order to survive in highly competitive market and to increase national food production efforts to strengthen its contribution to food security and nutrition.